Rahula, the Tenth Lohan
Ting Kuan-p'eng (fl. 1737-1768), Ch'ing dynasty
Hanging scroll, ink and color on paper, 127.5 x 57.5 cm
Ting Kuan-p'eng excelled at painting in his service at the court of the Ch'ien-lung Emperor (r. 1736-1795). He specialized in rendering Taoist and Buddhist paintings as well as figures. The facial features of his figures were rendered with washes, and he added Western techniques of shading and perspective. His brushwork was precise and detailed, being typically representative of the Ch'ing painting academy.
For this work, Ting was ordered by the Ch'ien-lung Emperor to copy one of the paintings of the "Sixteen Lohans" by Kuan-hsiu (fl. 10th c.) in the Sheng-yin Temple at Hangchow. The painting of Rahula here has a rounded head and full cheeks, and the large eyes and eyebrows as well as a flaring nose give the figure an odd appearance. With a stern visage and pursed lips in an "M"-shape, he also appears somewhat angry. Comparison with a rubbing of Kuan-hsiu's "Sixteen Lohans" at the Sheng-yin Temple indicates that this work by Ting Kuan-p'eng is a faithful copy.