Image: Enduring Splendor - A Special Exhibition of Mr. Peng Kai-dong's Bequest 國立故宮博物院 National Palace Museum (New window) 法象風規-彭楷棟先生遺贈文物特展
:::
Selection: Introduction
Selection: Special Artifacts
Selection: Biography of Peng Kai-Dong
Selection: Home
::: 中文 日本語 Site map
::: Title: Biography of Peng Kai-Dong
   
 
Western year Years of Age Events

1912

0 year

He was born on October, 5 in Hsin-chu, Taiwan.

1913

3 months In January, his father went missing after an accident at sea.

1915, 16

3 years /4 years His mother remarried. The incident has a long term effect on his psychological development.

1919

7 years

He dropped out from school after one and half years education.
He then worked at a snooker club and decided to go to Tokyo to become a professional player there.

1927

15 years A Japanese Dentist took him to Tokyo, Japan.

1928

16 years He worked at a snooker club through Mr. Akita's introduction.

1931

19 years He was married with Ms. Lee Ai-yu. He returned to Taipei because of his wife's illness and established a snooker shop selling snooker materials.

1934

22 years His first wife, Ms. Lee Ai-yu died.

1938

26 years He was remarried with Ms. Nagashima. He renamed himself as Nita Munachi

1939

27 years He returned to Taiwan. He taught officers in The Taiwanese Governor's Office playing snooker, as well as set up a business supplying goods for Japanese Naval Forces.

1941

29 years He established a company, Nita Enterprise Limited, for shipping unapproved raw materials to Japan.

1945

33 years

After the Second World War, he was not allowed to return to Taiwan as he was classified as Class B war criminal.

He opened a jewellery antique shop in Ginza, Tokyo, and established good connections with his fellow colleagues.

1946-50

34 years – 38 years He closed down his antique business, and started running restaurants.

1950

38 years

He first acquisition of Buddhist art.

He acquired a standing Buddha sculpture, Sui Dynasty, and a piece of Dunhuang Buddhist painting (designated as Important Cultural Property).

1952, 53

40 years /41 years

He was not allowed to go abroad for three years due to violation of financial regulations.

He decided to limit his collection solely on Buddhist images after this event.

1955
43 years He bought a plot of land to construct a building for art exhibition.
1956
44 years He acquired a piece of Degas' big painting and a piece of Renoir's painting,'A girl with a hat', in Paris.
1960
48 years He acquired a piece of gilt bronze, Shakyamuni , Tai-ho 1st year, Northern Wei dynasty.
1964
52 years He opened up international night clubs, coffee shops and Nita Gallery for the event of Tokyo Olympic 1964.
1965
53 years He bought a standing Bodhisattva gilt bronze. In its inscription, it is said that the sculpture was donated by one Mr. Peng in the second year of Ta-yeh era of Sui Dynasty. The Sculpture has since been worshiped in the Peng family ancestry altar.
1970
58 years He exchanged a piece of Korin hanging scroll and a piece of stone Buddhist sculpture with the Nezu Museum, Japan for three pieces of gilt bronze seated Buddha from Ming Dynasty.
1970
58 years He acquired a wooden standing bodhisattva sculpture from Heian Period, Japan (designated as Important Cultural Property)
1971 59 years

He sold out business of night club, coffee shop and Nita Gallery.
He started up his property business and acquired properties in Harajuku and Ginza area.

1980
68 years He acquired a seated Buddha Shakyamuni, Tai-ho era, Northern Wei dynasty after the second world war.
1981
69 years He was rated the thirteen richest person in Japan by The Nikkei Newspaper.
1987
75 years In October, a special exhibition of gilt bronze sculptures based on Mr. Peng's collection was launched in the National Palace Museum.
1992
80 years He gave six major parts of his art collection to his three sons.
1996
84 years He sold 32 pieces of gilt bronzes to the National Palace Museum.
1997
85 years He sold two big Japanese wooden sculptures and one Buddhist painting to the Agency for Cultural Affairs, Japan which are displayed in the newly built Heisei Hall (Heiseikan), The Tokyo National Museum.
1998
86 years Nita Groups and MSIKARU Company in Osaka were merged.
2003
91 years He donated seven pieces of gilt bronze sculptures to the Metropolitan Museum, New York, USA.
2004
93 years

He donated 358 pieces of gilt bronze objects to the National Palace Museum. A special exhibition,"The Casting of Religion," was based on his donation and organized in the same year.

He also donated a piece of gilt bronze sculpture, Northern Wei dynasty and painting of Tun-huang, Tang dynasty (designated as Important Cultural Property, Japan) to Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in Japan.
2006 95 years

In September, he donated a piece of four-sided stele to the National Palace Museum.

He died on Nov 24. In his will, he again donated 48 pieces of gilt bronzes to the National Palace Museum.

2008   An exhibition 'Enduring Splendor – A special exhibition of Mr. Peng Kai-dong's bequest' was launched in honor of Mr. Peng lifelong contribution to Buddhist Art.
 
國立故宮博物院著作權所有 Copyright © National Palace Museum. All Rights Reserved.